ERA-NET NEURON (the Network of European Funding for Neuroscience Research) has been set up to link 21 European national research funding programmes and funding organizations in the field of disease related neurosciences. The EXCELLENT PAPER IN NEUROSCIENCE AWARD will emphasize the importance of neuroscience and will contribute to integrate the neuroscience research community. The award is designed as a form of support and encouragement for young researchers at the early stage of their career. The ERA-NET NEURON partner organizations issue this award to recognize the most remarkable and outstanding scientific publications by young researchers in the field of disease related neurosciences. Original research article in an international peer review journal with an impact factor of the journal above 10 based on the ISI Web of Knowledge are eligible if the topic of the article is clearly relevant to disease related neuroscience and the affiliation of the first author is in an ERA-Net NEURON partner country as stated in the publication.